Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Order Form Sample–Part 23

Let’s add a Total field to the Orders controller. This field will add Subtotal and Freight together to show the final cost of the whole order.

Adding the Field

In the Project Explorer, right-click on Orders / Fields node. Press New Field.

New Field context menu option for Orders data controller.

Give this new field the following settings:

Property Value
Name Total
Type Currency
The value of this field is computed at run-time by SQL Expression true
SQL Formula
(select sum(UnitPrice*Quantity*(1-Discount)) 
from "Order Details" 
where "Order Details".OrderID = Orders.OrderID) + Orders.Freight
The value of this field is calculated by a business rule expression true
Label Total
Values of this field cannot be edited True
Data Format String c
Context Fields OrderDetails, Freight

Press OK to save this field.

Binding the Field to Views

Drop Orders / Fields / Total* (Currency, read-only) field node onto Orders / Views / grid1 node.

Dropping Total field node onto 'grid1' view.     Total data field created in view 'grid1'.

Drop Total field node onto Orders / Views / editForm1 view node.

Dropping Total field node onto 'editForm1' view.     Total data field created in view 'editForm1'.

SQL Business Rule

If you used an SQL Business Rule to handle Subtotal, double-click on Orders / Business Rules / Calculate (Sql / Execute) node.

Calculate SQL Business Rule in Orders controller.

Append the following highlighted line to the Script property:

Property New Value
Script
select @Subtotal = sum(unitprice * quantity * (1 - discount)) 
from [Order Details] 
where OrderID = @OrderID

set @Total = @Subtotal + @Freight

Code Business Rule

If you are using C# or Visual Basic to handle the Subtotal field, right-click on Orders / Business Rules and press Edit Rule in Visual Studio.

Edit Rule in Visual Studio context menu option for a code business rule.

Make the following changes to the code base:

C#:

using System;
using MyCompany.Data;

namespace MyCompany.Rules
{
    public partial class OrdersBusinessRules : MyCompany.Data.BusinessRules
    {

        [Rule("r101")]
        public void r101Implementation(
                    int? orderID,
                    string customerID,
                    string customerCompanyName,
                    int? employeeID,
                    string employeeLastName,
                    DateTime? orderDate,
                    DateTime? requiredDate,
                    DateTime? shippedDate,
                    int? shipVia,
                    string shipViaCompanyName,
                    decimal? freight,
                    string shipName,
                    string shipAddress,
                    string shipCity,
                    string shipRegion,
                    string shipPostalCode,
                    string shipCountry,
                    decimal? subtotal)
        {
            using (SqlText calc = new SqlText(@"select sum(unitprice * 
                    quantity * (1 - discount)) from 
                    [Order Details] where OrderID= @OrderID"))
            {
                calc.AddParameter("@OrderID", orderID);
                object total = calc.ExecuteScalar();
                if (DBNull.Value.Equals(total))
                {
                    UpdateFieldValue("Subtotal", 0);
                    UpdateFieldValue("Total", 0);
                }
                else
                {
                    UpdateFieldValue("Subtotal", Convert.ToDecimal(total));
                    UpdateFieldValue("Total", Convert.ToDecimal(total) + freight);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Visual Basic:

Imports MyCompany.Data
Imports System

Namespace MyCompany.Rules

    Partial Public Class OrdersBusinessRules
        Inherits MyCompany.Data.BusinessRules

        <Rule("r101")> _
        Public Sub r101Implementation( _
                    ByVal orderID As Nullable(Of Integer), _
                    ByVal customerID As String, _
                    ByVal customerCompanyName As String, _
                    ByVal employeeID As Nullable(Of Integer), _
                    ByVal employeeLastName As String, _
                    ByVal orderDate As Nullable(Of DateTime), _
                    ByVal requiredDate As Nullable(Of DateTime), _
                    ByVal shippedDate As Nullable(Of DateTime), _
                    ByVal shipVia As Nullable(Of Integer), _
                    ByVal shipViaCompanyName As String, _
                    ByVal freight As Nullable(Of Decimal), _
                    ByVal shipName As String, _
                    ByVal shipAddress As String, _
                    ByVal shipCity As String, _
                    ByVal shipRegion As String, _
                    ByVal shipPostalCode As String, _
                    ByVal shipCountry As String, _
                    ByVal subtotal As Nullable(Of Decimal))
            Using calc As SqlText = New SqlText(
                    "select sum(unitprice * quantity * (1 - discount)) " +
                    "from [Order Details] where OrderID=@OrderID")
                calc.AddParameter("@OrderID", orderID)
                Dim total As Object = calc.ExecuteScalar()
                If DBNull.Value.Equals(total) Then
                    UpdateFieldValue("Subtotal", 0)
                    UpdateFieldValue("Total", 0)
                Else
                    UpdateFieldValue("Subtotal", Convert.ToDecimal(total))
                    UpdateFieldValue("Total", Convert.ToDecimal(total) + freight)
                End If
            End Using
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

JavaScript Business Rule

You can also implement a JavaScript business rule that will use the returned value of Subtotal and sum it with Freight to calculate the value of Total.

Right-click on Orders / Business Rules, and press New Business Rule.

New Business Rule context menu option for Orders controller.

Assign the following values:

Property Value
Type JavaScript
Command Name Calculate
Phase After
Script
[Total] = [Subtotal] + [Freight];

Viewing the Results

On the toolbar, press Browse to regenerate the application. Navigate to the Order Form page, and select any order. You will see a Total field that sums up Subtotal and Freight.

Total field present in the Orders edit form.

When any of the order detail records are changed, the Subtotal and Total will be updated.

Total field updated when order details change.

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